ERIC Number: EJ745755
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: 11
A Description and Analysis of the German Packaging Take-Back System
Nakajima, Nina; Vanderburg, Willem H.
Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society, v26 n6 p510-517 2006
The German packaging ordinance is an example of legislated extended producer responsibility (also known as product take-back). Consumers can leave packaging with retailers, and packagers are required to pay for their recycling and disposal. It can be considered to be successful in reducing waste, spurring the redesign of packaging to be more environmentally sustainable, and increasing refilling and recycling. The exception is waste packaging made of plastics, which faces the problems of export due to lack of markets for recycled products within Germany, the lack of capacity for recycling, the allowance for energy recovery within the ordinance, and the manufacturers' focus on back-to-feedstock rather than back-to-plastics as a solution. This article looks at the ordinance and its effects to consider why this take-back program worked better than others. (Contains 2 tables.)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Legislation, Marketing, Sustainable Development, Recycling, Plastics, Program Effectiveness, Manufacturing Industry, Legal Responsibility, Wastes, Economic Impact
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany