ERIC Number: EJ745460
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Reference Count: 16
Linking Formative Assessment to Scaffolding
Shepard, Lorrie A.
Educational Leadership, v63 n3 p66-70 Nov 2005
Formative assessment and instructional scaffolding are essentially the same thing. Formative assessment uses insights about a learner's current understandings to alter the course of instruction and thus support the development of greater competence. Scaffolding refers to supports that teachers provide the learner during problem solving--in the form of reminders, hints, and encouragement--to ensure successful completion of a task. Four strategies illustrate the strong connection between formative assessment and research on learning: eliciting prior knowledge, providing effective feedback, teaching for transfer of knowledge, and encouraging student self-assessment.
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Formative Evaluation, Feedback, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Learning Theories, Educational Strategies, Classroom Techniques, Instructional Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Student Relationship
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. 1703 North Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. Tel: 800-933-2723; Tel: 703-578-9600; Fax: 703-575-5400; Web site: http://www.ascd.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A