ERIC Number: EJ745399
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Accounting for Spatial Variation in Tolerance: The Effects of Education and Religion
Moore, Laura M.; Ovadia, Seth
Social Forces, v84 n4 p2205-2222 Jun 2006
Prior research has shown that individuals living in the South express significantly less tolerant attitudes than the rest of the nation, while individuals residing in urban areas express significantly more tolerant attitudes than their rural peers. The authors seek to explain these generally unspecified Southern and urban effects by identifying demographic contextual factors that affect individuals' tolerance levels. Using 1976-2000 General Social Survey and 1990 U.S. Census data, the authors find that net of individual factors, residing in an area with a larger proportion of college graduates significantly increases individual levels of tolerance, while residing in an area with a larger proportion of evangelical Protestants significantly decreases tolerance. They also find that the Southern and urban effects on tolerance become non-significant after contextual-level controls are added.
Descriptors: Geographic Location, Education, Religion, Rural Urban Differences, Context Effect, College Graduates, Protestants, Social Attitudes, Peer Groups, Demography, Surveys, Census Figures
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Social Survey