ERIC Number: EJ745351
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Employment of Immigrants: A Cross-National Study of 17 Western Societies
Tubergen, Frank van
Social Forces, v84 n2 p709-732 Dec 2005
This study examines the role of immigrants' country of origin, country of destination and combinations thereof (settings or communities) in the likelihood of immigrants being self-employed. I pooled census data from three classic immigrant countries (Australia, Canada and the United States) and labor-force surveys from 14 countries in the European Union for a cross-national data set. Using multilevel techniques, I find that (1) immigrants from non-Christian countries of origin have higher odds of self-employment, (2) higher levels of unemployment among natives increase the odds of self-employment, and (3) self-employment is more frequent among immigrant communities that are small, highly educated and have a longer settlement history.
Descriptors: Self Employment, Immigrants, Role, Foreign Countries, Occupational Surveys, Unemployment, Indigenous Populations, Comparative Analysis, Ethnicity, Christianity, Labor Force, Immigration, Place of Residence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada; United States