ERIC Number: EJ744231
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Academic Performance Gap between Summer-Birthday and Fall-Birthday Children in Grades K-8
Oshima, T. C.; Domaleski, Christopher S.
Journal of Educational Research, v99 n4 p212-217 Mar-Apr 2006
Much interest exists among parents and researchers regarding the benefits and drawbacks of delaying kindergarten entrance to acquire academic advantage ("redshirting"). How evident is this assumed advantage at the kindergarten level and beyond? The authors evaluated large-scale test data from Grades K-8 to investigate the difference in performance between younger children (summer birthday) and older children (fall birthday). The performance gap evident in kindergarten decreased rapidly in Grades 1-3 but persisted up to Grade 5, until leveling off at middle school. The performance gap in the early grades that resulted from birth date was much larger than was the gap caused by gender difference. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Parent Role, Gender Differences, Kindergarten, Young Children, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Effect Size, Multiple Regression Analysis, Racial Differences, Age Differences, School Entrance Age, School Readiness, Cognitive Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A