ERIC Number: EJ740124
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
The Effect of a Female Physical Educator's Physical Appearance on Physical Fitness Knowledge and Attitudes of Junior High Students
Dean, Melony Blair; Adams, Thomas M., II; Comeau, Matthew J.
Physical Educator, v62 n1 p14-25 Win 2005
This study was designed to determine if a female physical educator's appearance of body fatness affects 1) the cognitive performance of junior high school students on a test of health-related fitness knowledge, and 2) student attitudes toward the instructor. Ninety-three seventh through ninth grade students from two schools, participated in a six-week instructional course on health-related fitness knowledge. Instruction was identical with one exception: In one group, the instructor wore an under garment to present an image of an obese physical educator. A pretest-posttest health-related fitness examination was administered to the students. Additionally, student attitudes toward the physical educator were assessed during week one, week three, and week six. Analysis of covariance revealed a significant group x posttest score interaction, F [subscript 1, 88] = 4.408 p = 0.039. The student attitude questionnaire (SAQ) sums were analyzed for all participants and detected no significant group x time interaction. However, an SAQ sum score main effect was found to exist, F [subscript 2, 75] = 10.056, p = 0.000. Paired t-tests found significant differences between all combinations of SAQ mean scores, except for the values of week one to week three. Within group paired t-tests were computed for the SAQ to detect differences independent of group. Analysis revealed significant differences in attitudes occurred between week one and week three and week one and week six, for the control group t (32) = -3.323, p = 0.002; t (32) = -3.800, p = 0.001). Similarly, for the experimental group significant difference occurred between week one and week six, t (44) = -2.517, p = 0.016. Results indicate instructor physical appearance is related to student performance on a cognitive based health-related fitness test. In contrast, instructor physical appearance does not appear related to student attitude toward the instructor. (Contains 1 table and 4 figures.)
Descriptors: Females, Physical Education Teachers, Physical Fitness, Junior High School Students, Student Attitudes, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Physical Education, Test Results, Body Composition, Obesity, Teacher Characteristics
Phi Epsilon Kappa Fraternity. 901 West New York Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202. Tel: 317-637-8431; Web site: http://www.phiepsilonkappa.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A