ERIC Number: EJ734336
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
The Cognitive Correlates of Third-Grade Skill in Arithmetic, Algorithmic Computation, and Arithmetic Word Problems
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Powell, Sarah R.; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Capizzi, Andrea M.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Fletcher, Jack M.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v98 n1 p29-43 Feb 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive correlates of RD-grade skill in arithmetic, algorithmic computation, and arithmetic word problems. Third graders (N = 312) were measured on language, nonverbal problem solving, concept formation, processing speed, long-term memory, working memory, phonological decoding, and sight word efficiency as well as on arithmetic, algorithmic computation, and arithmetic word problems. Teacher ratings of inattentive behavior also were collected. Path analysis indicated that arithmetic was linked to algorithmic computation and to arithmetic word problems and that inattentive behavior independently predicted all 3 aspects of mathematics performance. Other independent predictors of arithmetic were phonological decoding and processing speed. Other independent predictors of arithmetic word problems were nonverbal problem solving, concept formation, sight word efficiency, and language.
Descriptors: Grade 3, Concept Formation, Arithmetic, Sight Vocabulary, Problem Solving, Path Analysis, Long Term Memory, Word Problems (Mathematics), Correlation, Computation, Mathematics Skills, Language, Predictor Variables, Cognitive Processes, Phonology, Attention Span, Student Behavior
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305B040110
IES Cited: ED504995