ERIC Number: EJ734309
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Achievement-Based Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation: A Test of Cognitive Mediators
Cameron, Judy; Pierce, W. David; Banko, Katherine M.; Gear, Amber
Journal of Educational Psychology, v97 n4 p641-655 Nov 2005
This study assessed how rewards impacted intrinsic motivation when students were rewarded for achievement while learning an activity, for performing at a specific level on a test, or for both. Undergraduate university students engaged in a problem-solving activity. The design was a 2 * 2 factorial with 2 levels of reward in a learning phase (reward for achievement, no reward) and 2 levels of reward in a test phase (reward for achievement, no reward). Intrinsic motivation was measured as time spent on the experimental task and ratings of task interest during a free-choice period. A major finding was that achievement-based rewards during learning or testing increased participants' intrinsic motivation. A path analysis indicated that 2 processes (perceived competence and interest-internal attribution) mediated the positive effects of achievement-based rewards in learning and testing on intrinsic motivation. Findings are discussed in terms of the cognitive evaluation, attribution, and social-cognitive theories.
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Rewards, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Undergraduate Students, Problem Solving, Attribution Theory, Epistemology, Task Analysis, Path Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A