ERIC Number: EJ727428
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
School Characteristics Related to the Use of Suspension
Christie, Christine; Nelson, C. Michael; Jolivette, Kristine
Education & Treatment of Children, v27 n4 p509-526 Nov 2004
Concerns about school safety and disruptive behavior, as well as increasing use of zero tolerance policies, have resulted in escalating rates of exclusionary disciplinary practices (out-of -school suspension and expulsion) in America?s schools. The present study examines suspension rates in Kentucky middle schools (N=161), using both quantitative and qualitative procedures. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were computed to identify those school-level variables that showed strong relationships to suspension rate. A sample of 20 schools with the highest suspension rates was compared to a sample of 20 schools with the lowest suspension rates using a multi variate analysis of variance (MANOVA). In addition, four schools from each group were selected as case examples. Information gathered from administrator surveys, staff interviews, and on-site observations provided detailed descriptions of the characteristics of schools with high and low suspension rates. The findings of this study demonstrated that a number of school variables are differentially related to suspension rates. Implications of these finding for school discipline reform are discussed.
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Zero Tolerance Policy, Suspension, School Safety, Multivariate Analysis, Correlation, Institutional Characteristics, Discipline, Student Behavior, Antisocial Behavior
The Roscoe Ledger, P.O. Box 536, Chester & Latta Streets, Roscoe, PA 15477. Tel: 724-938-9495; Fax: 724-938-9111.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky