ERIC Number: EJ727389
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Grandma's Hands: Black Grandmothers Speak about Their Experience Rearing Grandchildren on TANF
Henderson, Tammy L.; Cook, Jennifer L.
International Journal of Aging and Human Development, v61 n1 p1-19 2005
Based on the guiding principles of the symbolic interactions theory, the authors used symbolic interaction theory to understand the views and meanings attached to welfare, poverty, and poor families, as well as to decipher grandmothers' policy recommendations. The culturally variant perspective provided a conceptual lens that placed grandmothers' adaptive behaviors in a historical, socio-political context. Using Grounded Theory Methods, the authors analyzed 20 personal interviews from a larger multiple-case study that examines the influence of TANF on grandparent-led families in southwest Virginia. Grandparents' views create a continuum of beliefs toward poverty, TANF, and personal responsibility with themes of individualistic, structural, and fatalistic views. They made distinct policy recommendations to remove the penalties attached to kinship care. Kinship care continues to be an adaptive family feature, but Black grandmothers' maintain some of the same societal and familial values as the larger society.
Descriptors: Poverty, Family Relationship, African Americans, Females, Welfare Services, Grandparents Raising Grandchildren, Attitude Measures, Interviews, Adjustment (to Environment), Social Values
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Virginia