ERIC Number: EJ727331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Context of Schooling and Levels of Stress among Early Adolescent Pupils
Brutsaert, Herman; Van Houtte, Mieke
Education and Urban Society, v37 n1 p58-73 2004
In present analysis, an attempt is made to identify perceived social support mechanisms through which the gender composition of the school may influence pupils' stress responses. Use was made of data from 68 academically oriented secondary schools in Flanders, Belgium. Of these schools, 25 were mixed-sex schools and 43 were single-sex schools (21 girls' and 22 boys' schools). Respondents (3,370 girls and 3,057 boys) were 3rd-year students, ages 14 and 15. A multilevel analysis (Hierarchical Linear Modeling) was performed adjusting for parental socioeconomic status (SES), parental support, academic performance, curriculum enrollment, school mean SES, sense of belonging in school, and quality of teacher-pupil relationships. Results show that early adolescent girls in single-sex schools experience lower levels of stress than coeducational schoolgirls do and that this effect is largely accounted for by sense of belonging.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Adolescents, Academic Achievement, Single Sex Schools, Stress Variables, Comparative Analysis, Females, Context Effect, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium