ERIC Number: EJ727134
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Reliability and Validity of the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories in Caucasian Americans and Latinos
Contreras, Sandra; Fernandez, Senaida; Malcarne, Vanessa L.; Ingram, Rick E.; Vaccarino, Vivian Ruiz
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, v26 n4 p446-462 2004
Although the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory are two of the most widely used instruments for assessing depressive and anxious symptoms in both clinical and nonclinical populations, their cross-cultural reliability and validity have yet to be fully established. In this study, 2,703 Caucasian American and 1,110 Latino college students completed both measures. For each measure, exploratory factor analysis with promax rotation, conducted separately by ethnic group, revealed similar factor structures across groups. For both groups, and both instruments, factor analysis yielded highly similar two-factor solutions. Reliability, as evidenced by internal consistency coefficients, was good; all alphas exceeded .82. On both measures, Latino students scored significantly higher than Caucasian American students on total scores and women scored significantly higher than men. These results support the reliability, validity, and cultural equivalence of these measures of depressive and anxious symptomatology for use with Caucasian American and acculturated Latino younger college students.
Descriptors: College Students, Whites, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Factor Analysis, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Factor Structure, Hispanic Americans, Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Cultural Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Anxiety Inventory; Beck Depression Inventory