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ERIC Number: EJ726429
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun-22
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0256-8543
Cooperative and Competitive Orientations In 4-H and Non-4-H Children
Fetsch, Robert J.; Yang, Raymond K.
Journal of Research in Childhood Education, v19 n4 p302 Sum 2005
This study constructed questionnaire measures of cooperative and competitive orientations, and pilot-tested them with 1,176 elementary school-age 4-H members and non-members. A measure of parent support was also obtained from these children. Factor analyses revealed that competitive and cooperative learning orientations are orthogonal and not oppositional. Analyses of variance revealed that 4-H members have lower competitive and cooperative orientations, compared to non-members; also, that boys have substantially higher cooperative orientations than girls. These unexpected results need replication.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A