ERIC Number: EJ726429
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun-22
Cooperative and Competitive Orientations In 4-H and Non-4-H Children
Fetsch, Robert J.; Yang, Raymond K.
Journal of Research in Childhood Education, v19 n4 p302 Sum 2005
This study constructed questionnaire measures of cooperative and competitive orientations, and pilot-tested them with 1,176 elementary school-age 4-H members and non-members. A measure of parent support was also obtained from these children. Factor analyses revealed that competitive and cooperative learning orientations are orthogonal and not oppositional. Analyses of variance revealed that 4-H members have lower competitive and cooperative orientations, compared to non-members; also, that boys have substantially higher cooperative orientations than girls. These unexpected results need replication.
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Student Motivation, Goal Orientation, Competition, Questionnaires, Sex Differences, Extracurricular Activities, Achievement Need, Elementary School Students
Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI) Subscriptions, 17904 Georgia Ave., Suite 215, Olney, MD 20832. Fax: 301-570-2212; Web site: http://www.acei.org/jrcehp.htm.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A