ERIC Number: EJ726249
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
SAT Validity for Linguistic Minorities at the University of California, Santa Barbara
Zwick, Rebecca; Schlemer, Lizabeth
Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, v23 n1 p6-16 Mar 2004
The validity of the SAT as an admissions criterion for Latinos and Asian Americans who are not native English speakers was examined. The analyses, based on 1997 and 1998 UCSB freshmen, focused on the effectiveness of SAT scores and high school grade-point average (HSGPA) in predicting college freshman grade-point average (FGPA). When regression equations were estimated based on all students combined, some systematic prediction errors occurred. For language minorities, using only high school grades as a predictor led to predicted FGPAs that tended to exceed actual FGPAs, particularly for Latinos. Including SAT scores in the equation notably reduced prediction bias. Further analyses showed that, while HSGPA had the highest correlation with FGPA for most groups, SAT verbal score was the strongest predictor of FGPA for language minorities in 1998. An overriding conclusion is that combining data across language groups can obscure important test validity information.
Descriptors: Test Validity, Language Minorities, Asian American Students, Hispanic American Students, Grade Point Average, College Admission, Higher Education, Standardized Tests, Achievement Tests, College Freshmen, Predictor Variables, Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)