ERIC Number: EJ725787
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Apr-1
Reference Count: 34
Preschoolers Learning Hmong and English: Lexical-Semantic Skills in L1 and L2
Kan, Pui Fong; Konert, Kathryn
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v48 n2 p372 Apr 2005
Picture naming and picture identification tasks were used to investigate lexical-semantic skills in young children learning Hmong as a first language (L1) and English as a second language (L2). A total of 19 children, ages 3; 4 (years; months)-5; 2, participated in this study. Performance on lexical tasks was analyzed as a function of development (older and younger participants), language (Hmong and English), modality (receptive and expressive skills), and the nature of total or "composite" vocabulary scores (translation equivalents or singles, reflecting comparable forms in both languages as compared to concepts lexicalized into only 1 language). Older participants outperformed younger participants in English, but not Hmong, indicating a relative stabilization of L1 skills, alongside more robust growth in L2. The difference between expressive and receptive performance was also much greater in Hmong than English. Composite scores were always greater than single language scores and the proportion of translation equivalents increased with age.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Sino Tibetan Languages, English (Second Language), Lexicology, Learning Modalities, Bilingual Students, Language Acquisition, Expressive Language, Receptive Language, Age Differences, Vocabulary Development, Semantics
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 301-897-5700, ext. 4164; Fax: 301-897-7348.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A