ERIC Number: EJ725722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep-1
Reference Count: 78
The Effects of School Climate, Socioeconomics, and Cultural Factors on Student Victimization in Israel
Khoury-Kassabri, Mona; Benbenishty, Rami; Astor, Ron Avi
Social Work Research, v29 n3 p165 Sep 2005
The study reported in this article is based on a nationally representative sample of 10,400 students in grades 7 through 11 in 162 schools across Israel. The authors used hierarchical linear modeling to examine the differences between Jewish and Arab schools in the relationships between school-level variables--socioeconomic status (SES) of the school's neighborhood and students' families, school size and class size, school level (junior high and high), and school climate--and students' victimization reports (serious physical victimization, threats, moderate physical victimization, and verbal-social victimization). The results show that whereas school climate and school size seem to operate similarly across different cultural contexts, the SES of a school's neighborhood and students' families were associated with victimization for students in Arab schools only. Theoretical implications of these findings for school violence research in other cultures are discussed.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arabs, Jews, Cultural Influences, School Size, Violence, Secondary Schools, Educational Environment, Socioeconomic Status, Secondary School Students
National Association of Social Workers (NASW), 750 First Street, NE, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-227-3590 (Toll Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.naswpress.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel