ERIC Number: EJ725722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep-1
Reference Count: 78
The Effects of School Climate, Socioeconomics, and Cultural Factors on Student Victimization in Israel
Khoury-Kassabri, Mona; Benbenishty, Rami; Astor, Ron Avi
Social Work Research, v29 n3 p165 Sep 2005
The study reported in this article is based on a nationally representative sample of 10,400 students in grades 7 through 11 in 162 schools across Israel. The authors used hierarchical linear modeling to examine the differences between Jewish and Arab schools in the relationships between school-level variables--socioeconomic status (SES) of the school's neighborhood and students' families, school size and class size, school level (junior high and high), and school climate--and students' victimization reports (serious physical victimization, threats, moderate physical victimization, and verbal-social victimization). The results show that whereas school climate and school size seem to operate similarly across different cultural contexts, the SES of a school's neighborhood and students' families were associated with victimization for students in Arab schools only. Theoretical implications of these findings for school violence research in other cultures are discussed.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arabs, Jews, Cultural Influences, School Size, Violence, Secondary Schools, Educational Environment, Socioeconomic Status, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel