ERIC Number: EJ725593
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep-1
Reference Count: 13
Scales for Measuring College Student Views of Traditional Motherhood and Fatherhood
Whatley, Mark; Knox, David
College Student Journal, v39 n3 p588 Sep 2005
College students rank "raising a family" as one of their primary values (American Council on Education and University of California, 2003). Yet, little is known about their understanding of the respective roles of motherhood and fatherhood. Feminism, dual career marriages, and more egalitarian role models may have altered adherence to traditional conceptions of motherhood and fatherhood. This study reports the development of two scales to measure traditional views of motherhood and fatherhood, the degree to which college students' views are traditional, and the degree to which men and women differ in their views. The Traditional Motherhood Scale and the Traditional Fatherhood Scale were developed (including norms, reliability, and validity) and completed by undergraduates at a southern university. Results revealed moderate support for traditional views of motherhood and less than average support for traditional views of fatherhood. Significant gender differences involved men having more traditional views of motherhood and fatherhood than women. Limitations and future uses of the scales are suggested.
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Fathers, Factor Analysis, Student Attitudes, Social Values, Mothers, Family (Sociological Unit), Attitude Measures, Undergraduate Students, Parent Role, Measurement Techniques, Test Construction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A