ERIC Number: EJ725522
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep-22
Reference Count: 40
Cognitive-Motivational Characteristics and Science Achievement of Adolescent Students: Results from the TIMSS 1995 and TIMSS 1999 Assessments
House, J. Daniel
International Journal of Instructional Media, v31 n4 p411 Fall 2004
The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) represents the most comprehensive assessment of student achievement and educational contexts yet conducted. In order to provide a framework for assessing the effects of contextual factors on student achievement, a model was constructed to consider the unique effects of several factors such as instructional practices and classroom environment, family expectations and resources, and student self-beliefs (Schmidt & Cogan, 1996). The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between self-beliefs and science achievement for students in a cross-cultural context (Thailand) who were part of large national samples of students that participated in two comprehensive international assessments. Students from the TIMSS 1995 Population 2 International Sample (13-year-olds) from Thailand were included in this study; there 11,277 students who completed all of the variables included in this analysis. In addition, there were 5,590 students from Thailand from the TIMSS 1999 International Sample (13-year-olds) who completed all of the measures used in this study. The findings from this study showed that students who earned higher science achievement test scores tended to have more positive attitudes toward science and were more likely to attribute success in science at school to activities such as hard work studying at home and memorizing the textbook of notes. Conversely, students who had negative attitudes toward science and who attributed their success in science at school to good luck tended to earn lower science test scores. In addition, these results were consistent for students in both the TIMSS 1995 and TIMSS 1999 International Samples.
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Science Achievement, High School Students, Secondary School Science, Cultural Differences, Self Concept, Foreign Countries, Student Characteristics, Student Attitudes, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand