ERIC Number: EJ725425
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jul-1
Reference Count: 16
Faith-Based Versus Fact-Based Social Policy: The Case of Teenage Pregnancy Prevention
Marx, Jerry D.; Hopper, Fleur
Social Work, v50 n3 p280 Jul 2005
The Clinton administration's 1996 welfare reform legislation contained a "charitable choice" clause, a provision that encourages states to increase the involvement of religious organizations in federal programs such as Temporary Assistance to Needy Families. The administration of George W. Bush has intensified and extended this policy shift with a major effort to direct federal social services funding to religious institutions as part of his faith-based policy initiative. Being the most overtly religious president in US history, it is clear that many of George W. Bush's policy positions, including those on abortion, embryonic stem cell research, and gay marriage have been influenced significantly by his religious convictions. The social work profession has a historical relationship with organized religion, and many religious institutions have developed excellent social services. However, politically driven, faith-based social policy threatens to further erode the quality of the U.S. social welfare system and the professional status of social work. An understanding of, and appreciation for, the historical significance of professional social work is needed, which, in turn, might produce a renewed emphasis on "fact-based" social policy development. In this article, the authors take a brief look at the emergence of social work as an important profession in the United States and discusses the implications of faith-based initiatives, like the abstinence-only pregnancy prevention programs of the Bush administration, on the credibility of the social work profession.
Descriptors: Public Policy, Religion, Religious Factors, Adolescents, Social Work, Federal Legislation, Health Services, Pregnancy, United States History, Intervention, Program Effectiveness
National Association of Social Workers (NASW), 750 First Street, NE, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-227-3590 (Toll Free); e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.naswpress.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act