ERIC Number: EJ725342
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov-1
Reference Count: 51
Do Social and Behavioral Characteristics Targeted by Preventive Interventions Predict Standardized Test Scores and Grades?
Fleming, Charles B.; Haggerty, Kevin P.; Catalano, Richard F.; Harachi, Tracy W.; Mazza, James J.; Gruman, Diana H.
Journal of School Health, v75 n9 p342 Nov 2005
This study assessed whether characteristics of individuals that are predictors of youth problem behavior such as substance use, delinquency, and violence also predict academic achievement. Longitudinal data from 576 students participating in the Raising Healthy Children (RHC) project were analyzed. The RHC project is a study of students recruited from a suburban Pacific Northwest school district. Tenth-grade academic achievement was measured by scores on a standardized test administered to students in Washington State (as part of compliance with the No Child Left Behind Act) and by student self-report of grades. Measures of social and behavioral characteristics at seventh grade were based on data from student, parent, and teacher surveys. Researchers assessed overall correlations between 7th-grade predictors and 10th-grade academic achievement as well as partial correlations adjusted for demographic characteristics and scores on an earlier achievement test, the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills, in 4th grade. Results indicated that higher levels of school bonding and better social, emotional, and decision-making skills were related to higher test scores and higher grades. Lower test scores and lower grades were predicted by elevated levels of attention problems, negative behavior of peers, and disruptive and aggressive behavior. Lower test scores also were predicted by early use of alcohol and cigarettes. These findings support the premise that school-based social development interventions that address specific risk factors, curb early manifestations of antisocial behavior, and promote school bonding and social and emotional skills are likely to improve student academic achievement.
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 7, Standardized Tests, Social Development, Grades (Scholastic), Individual Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Grade 10, Predictor Variables, Prevention, Behavior Problems, Intervention, Longitudinal Studies, Scores, Interpersonal Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 4; Grade 7
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001