ERIC Number: EJ725187
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Aug-1
Reference Count: N/A
The Employment of Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants in U.S. Nursing Homes
Intrator, Orna; Feng, Zhanlian; Mor, Vince; Gifford, David; Bourbonniere, Meg; Zinn, Jacqueline
Gerontologist, v45 n4 p486 Aug 2005
Purpose: Nursing facilities with nurse practitioners or physician assistants (NPs or PAs) have been reported to provide better care to residents. Assuming that freestanding nursing homes in urban areas that employ these professionals are making an investment in medical infrastructure, we test the hypotheses that facilities in states with higher Medicaid rates, and those in more competitive markets and markets with higher managed care penetration, are more likely to employ NPs or PAs. Design and Methods: The Online Survey Certification and Reporting System (OSCAR) database, Area Resource File, and information from surveys of state policies from 1993 to 2002 are used to study the employment of NPs or PAs, using a cross-sectional time-series generalized estimating equation model with surveys nested within facilities, testing several market and state-policy effects while controlling for facility and market characteristics. Results: Throughout the 1990s the proportion of nursing facilities with NPs or PAs doubled, from less than 10% to over 20%. Facilities in states in the upper quartile of Medicaid reimbursement rates were 10% more likely to employ NPs or PAs. Facilities in more competitive markets, and in markets with higher managed care penetration, were more likely to employ NPs or PAs (adjusted odds ratio = 1.27, 1.20 respectively). Implications: More generous state Medicaid nursing home reimbursement and higher competition may advance the investment in medical infrastructure, which in turn may positively affect the quality of care provided to nursing home residents.
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Nursing Homes, Nursing, Allied Health Personnel, Hypothesis Testing, Health Insurance, Competition, Personnel Selection
Gerontological Society of America, 1030 15th Street, NW, Suite 250, Washington, DC 20005-1503. Web site: http://www.gerontologyjournals.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States