ERIC Number: EJ725019
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Curriculum Policy Seen Through High-Stakes Examinations: Mathematics and Biology in a Selection of School-Leaving Examinations from the Middle East and North Africa
Valverde, Gilbert A.
Peabody Journal of Education, v80 n1 p29-55 2005
A study of curriculum goals set forth in school-leaving examinations in mathematics and biology from Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia benchmarked against the French baccalaureate examinations. This investigation uncovers and contrasts the goals of secondary education as they are put forward in the tests that are used in the certification of completion of secondary studies in these countries. The work takes advantage of a metric developed for the Third International Mathematics and Science Study efforts to measure educational goals for school mathematics and science. Tests from the sample of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries are found to emphasize traditional content and the ability to recall and apply routine procedures and algorithms. These goals are contrasted with French school-leaving examinations and the implications of these findings for understanding and assessing curriculum policy in MENA, in a context of educational reform and the challenges of economic competitiveness are considered.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High Stakes Tests, Science Education, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Exit Examinations, Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Comparative Education, Secondary Education, Educational Objectives
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa; France