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ERIC Number: EJ724704
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-1523-5882
The Ameliorating Effects of High Socioeconomic Status: A Secondary Analysis
Krashen, Stephen; Brown, Clara Lee
Bilingual Research Journal, v29 n1 p185-196 Spr 2005
A secondary analysis of previously published data shows that high-socioeconomic status (SES) English language learners (ELLs) outperform low-SES fluent English speakers on tests of math, and they do about as well on tests of reading. Thus, for ELLs, SES can offset the effects of language proficiency on standardized tests of math and reading. This result suggests that we can improve the performance of all ELLs by providing aspects of high SES known to impact school performance. This can be done by improving the print environment and providing bilingual education. (Contains 4 tables.)
National Association for Bilingual Education, 1030 15th Street, NW, Suite 470, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-898-1829; Fax: 202-789-2866; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED560752; ED546480