NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ724684
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-1523-5882
"One Should Not Forget One's Mother Tongue": Russian-Speaking Parents' Choice of Language of Instruction in Estonia
Kemppainen, Raija; Ferrin, Scott E.; Ward, Carol J.; Hite, Julie M.
Bilingual Research Journal, v28 n2 p207-229 Sum 2004
This exploratory study identifies factors affecting parental choice of language of instruction, based on semistructured interviews with 16 Russian-speaking parents in three urban areas of Estonia. We investigated three different types of language programs: Russian schools, which provided education in the children's first language; Estonian schools, which provided education in the children's second language; and Russian-Estonian bilingual programs, which functioned as separate classes within Russian schools. Our interviews with parents revealed four basic types of orientation toward language and culture. We have labeled these orientations multicultural (appreciating or feeling comfortable with many languages and cultures), Russocentric (feeling most comfortable with Russian culture and/or seeing Russian language and culture as superior), bicultural (having familiarity with and/or interest in both languages and cultures, or cultural neutrality), and Estoniocentric (having a strong desire to belong to the Estonian cultural and language group). These orientations correspond to parents' choice of language of instruction for their children, suggesting that choice of school language has different meanings for parents with varying culture and language identifications.
National Association for Bilingual Education, 1030 15th Street, NW, Suite 470, Washington, DC, 20005. Tel: 202-898-1829; Fax: 202-789-2866; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Estonia