ERIC Number: EJ724501
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Participation in Clubs and Groups from Childhood to Adolescence and Its Effects on Attachment and Self-Esteem
McGee, Rob; Williams, Sheila; Howden-Chapman, Philippa; Martin, Jennifer; Kawachi, Ichiro
Journal of Adolescence, v29 n1 p1-17 Feb 2006
We examined social participation in organized clubs and groups from childhood to adolescence in a sample of young people from Dunedin, New Zealand. Groups were broadly categorized as ''sports'' and ''cultural/youth'' groups. While the results indicated high levels of participation in childhood with a decline over the ensuing adolescent years, path analyses suggested strong continuities in participation over time. Both family ''active-recreational'' orientation (ARO) and ''intellectual-cultural'' orientation (ICO) predicted participation, and mediated the effects of disadvantage on participation. Participation was significantly related to adolescent attachment to parents, friends and school/workplace, as well as self-perceived strengths, after controlling for early family disadvantage and social support, peer attachment and literacy. The effect of participation in adolescence is to widen the ''social convoy'' to which young people are exposed as well as strengthening relationships within that convoy.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Clubs, Adolescents, Attachment Behavior, Children, Self Esteem, Participation, Age Differences, Interpersonal Relationship, Family Influence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand