ERIC Number: EJ724476
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Differences in Parents' Estimations of Their Own and Their Children's Intelligence
Furnham, Adrian; Bunclark, Katherine
Intelligence, v34 n1 p1-14 Jan-Feb 2006
In this study 141 British parents estimated their own, and one of their children's IQ on their overall intelligence as well as on Gardner's (1983) [Gardner, H. (1983). "Frames of the mind: The theory of multiple intelligences." New York: Basic Books.] seven multiple ''intelligences''. Replicating previous studies, fathers gave higher self-estimates on overall, mathematical and spatial intelligence than did mothers. Factor analysis of the seven self-estimates yielded two factors: cognitive and non-cognitive intelligence and there was a significant difference on the former with fathers giving higher self-estimates than mothers. Parental estimates of children's overall intelligence were shown to significantly correlate with children's actual IQ score (r = 0.44), derived from standardized tests of verbal, numerical and perceptual ability. The male advantage for overall intelligence estimates, which was hypothesised, was shown for parental self-estimations but not for estimations of children's intelligence, which showed a female advantage perhaps because girls in this sample actually had higher IQs.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Concept, Intelligence Quotient, Factor Analysis, Multiple Intelligences, Gender Differences, Children, Cognitive Ability, Spatial Ability, Mathematical Aptitude, Verbal Ability, Parent Attitudes
Elsevier Customer Service Department, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126 (Toll Free); Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Primary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom