ERIC Number: EJ724391
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Early and Late Processes in Syllogistic Reasoning: Evidence from Eye-Movements
Espino, Orlando; Santamaria, Carlos; Meseguer, Enrique; Carreiras, Manuel
Cognition, v98 n1 pB1-B9 Nov 2005
An eye-movement monitoring experiment was carried out to examine the effects of the difficulty of the problem (simple versus complex problems) and the type of figure (figure 1 or figure 4) on the time course of processing categorical syllogisms. The results showed that the course of influence for these two factors is different. We found early processing effects for the figure but not for the difficulty of the syllogism and later processing effects for both the figure and the difficulty. These results lend support to the Model Theory (Johnson-Laird, P. N., Byrne, R. M. J. (1991). Deduction. Hillsdale, New Jersey: LEA.) as opposed to other theories of reasoning (Chater, N., Oaksford, M. (1999). The probability heuristics model of syllogistic reasoning. Cognitive Psychology, 38, 191-258; Rips, L. J. (1994). The psychology of proof. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; Rips, L. J. (1994). The psychology of proof. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).
Descriptors: Probability, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Processes, Eye Movements, Heuristics, Difficulty Level, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain