ERIC Number: EJ724320
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Phonological and Morphological Consistency in the Acquisition of Vowel Duration Spelling in Dutch and German
Landerl, Karin; Reitsma, Pieter
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v92 n4 p322-344 Dec 2005
In Dutch, vowel duration spelling is phonologically consistent but morphologically inconsistent (e.g., "paar--paren"). In German, it is phonologically inconsistent but morphologically consistent (e.g., "Paar--Paare"). Contrasting the two orthographies allowed us to examine the role of phonological and morphological consistency in the acquisition of the same orthographic feature. Dutch and German children in Grades 2 to 4 spelled singular and plural word forms and in a second task identified the correct spelling of singular and plural forms of the same nonword. Dutch children were better in word spelling, but German children outperformed the Dutch children in nonword selection. Also, whereas German children performed on a similar level for singular and plural items, Dutch children showed a large discrepancy. The results indicate that children use phonological and morphological rules from an early age but that the developmental balance between the two sources of information is constrained by the specific orthography.
Descriptors: Vowels, Spelling, Indo European Languages, Phonology, Morphology (Languages), Language Acquisition, Child Development, Child Psychology, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany; Netherlands