ERIC Number: EJ724312
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Phonological Activation in the Visual Semantic Retrieval of Chinese Characters
Guo, Taomei; Peng, Danling; Liu, Ying
Cognition, v98 n2 pB21-B34 Dec 2005
The Stroop paradigm was used to examine the role of phonological activation in semantic access and its development in reading Chinese characters. Subjects (age 7-23 years) of different reading ability were asked to name the display color of Chinese characters. The characters were displayed in four different colors: red, yellow, blue and green. There were five types of relationships between a character and its display color: semantically congruent, phonologically congruent, semantically incongruent, phonologically incongruent and neutral. In addition to the classical Stroop effects, interference and facilitation effects from the homophones of color characters were also observed. The younger children and those with lower reading ability exhibited stronger Stroop effects. These findings suggest that phonological codes are activated automatically in Chinese character recognition. Furthermore, there is more phonological activation in the semantic retrieval of children in lower grades and those with lower reading ability.
Descriptors: Semantics, Reading Ability, Chinese, Phonology, Language Acquisition, Visual Stimuli, Foreign Countries, Colors, Orthographic Symbols, Interference (Language), Task Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China