ERIC Number: EJ724234
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
What Do Raven's Matrices Measure? An Analysis in Terms of Sex Differences
Mackintosh, N. J.; Bennett, E. S.
Intelligence, v33 n6 p663-674 Nov-Dec 2005
Although it is sometimes claimed that Raven's Matrices provide an almost pure measure of g, there is evidence that the easier items in the Standard Progressive Matrices and in Set I of the Advanced Matrices measure a perceptual or Gestalt factor distinct from the more analytic items in the rest of the tests. There is also, however, both factor analytic and experimental evidence that these analytic items fall into two partially separate groups, distinguishable by the type of rule needed for their solution in the analysis proposed by Carpenter, Just, and Schell (1990) [Carpenter, P. A., Just, M. A., Schell, P. (1990). What one intelligence test measures: A theoretical account of the processing in the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test. "Psychological Review," 97, 404-431]. Re-analysis of published data suggests a new source of evidence for this further distinction: males do better than females on items requiring an addition/subtraction or distribution of two rule, but there is no sex difference on items requiring pairwise progression or distribution of three rules. A specially designed experiment confirmed this pattern of results.
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Gender Differences, Matrices, Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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