ERIC Number: EJ724230
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
The Structure of the Relationship between Attention and Intelligence
Schweizer, Karl; Moosbrugger, Helfried; Goldhammer, Frank
Intelligence, v33 n6 p589-611 Nov-Dec 2005
The relationship between attention and general intelligence was investigated considering the different types of attention: alertness, sustained attention, focused attention, attentional switching, divided attention, attention according to the supervisory attentional system, attention as inhibition, spatial attention, attention as planning, interference, attention as arousal, and attention according to the assessment tradition. In a sample of 197 participants the relationship of attention and intelligence was investigated by means of structural equation modeling. The results revealed that each type of attention was substantially related to intelligence on the latent level. Furthermore, a high degree of overlap in predicting intelligence was observed for the various types of attention. Comprehensive models based on resources theory and Posner's dimensions were also investigated. The best model of the relationship between attention and intelligence included two first-order and one second-order latent variables of attention and one of intelligence. It predicted 32% of the variance of intelligence.
Descriptors: Intelligence, Structural Equation Models, Attention, Cognitive Ability, Attention Control
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A