ERIC Number: EJ724217
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Empathy, Group Norms and Children's Ethnic Attitudes
Nesdale, Drew; Griffith, Judith; Durkin, Kevin; Maass, Anne
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology: an international lifespan journal, v26 n6 p623-637 Nov-Dec 2005
Two minimal group studies (Ns=150, 123) examined the impact of emotional empathy on the ethnic attitudes of 5 to 12-year old white Anglo-Australian children. Study 1 evaluated the relationship between empathy and attitudes towards a same (Anglo-Australian) versus different ethnicity (Pacific Islander) outgroup. A significant empathy x outgroup ethnicity interaction revealed that empathy was unrelated to the children's liking for the same ethnicity outgroup, but that liking for the different ethnicity outgroup increased as empathy increased. Study 2 examined the influence of empathy on attitudes towards the different ethnicity outgroup when the ingroup had a norm of inclusion versus exclusion. A significant empathy x group norm interaction revealed that empathy was unrelated to liking when the ingroup had a norm of exclusion, but that liking for the different ethnicity outgroup increased when the ingroup had a norm of inclusion. Implications of the findings for promoting children's positive attitudes to ethnic minority groups are discussed.
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Empathy, Pacific Islanders, Children, Attitude Measures, Childhood Attitudes, Emotional Response, Racial Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Norms
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia