ERIC Number: EJ724193
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Multidimensional Assessment of Resilience in Mothers Who Are Child Sexual Abuse Survivors
Wright, Margaret O'Dougherty; Fopma-Loy, Joan; Fischer, Stephanie
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v29 n10 p1173-1193 Oct 2005
Objective: There has been relatively little attention given to positive adaptation following childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and typically such resilience has been explored primarily in the intrapersonal domain. This study explored questions about later resilience following CSA within a multidimensional framework by assessing resilience across intrapersonal, interpersonal, and intrafamilial domains. Method: This community sample consisted of 79 mothers with a history of CSA who had a child living at home with them. Participants completed four outcome measures (Center for Epidemiologic Studies--Depression Scale, Parenting Stress Index [PSI] Health Scale, PSI Parenting Competence Scale, and a measure of marital satisfaction). Risk and protective factors examined in relation to outcome included mother's age, socioeconomic status, severity of the CSA experience, coping strategy (avoidance, seeking social support, and problem solving), child characteristics, and spousal/partner support. Results: Results indicated that when multiple adaptational domains were assessed, mothers showed discrepancies in how adequately they functioned across domains. While severity of the CSA experience was only weakly associated with outcome, use of avoidant coping emerged as a significant risk factor and was strongly and consistently associated with negative outcome across domains. Spousal/partner support was a strong protective factor and buffered the relationship between depressive symptoms and parenting competence. Difficult child characteristics were significantly associated with mothers' perceptions of physical health and parenting competence. Conclusions: The findings suggest the importance of comprehensive multimethod assessments of resilience and extend the knowledge of factors associated with positive outcome. The results highlight the need for further research exploring current contextual risk and protective factors associated with resilience in each domain.
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Child Rearing, At Risk Persons, Mothers, Marital Satisfaction, Depression (Psychology), Coping, Child Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Age Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Personality Traits, Stress Variables, Coping, Family Influence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Parenting Stress Index