ERIC Number: EJ723877
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Physician Values in Practice Scale: Construction and Initial Validation
Hartung, Paul J.; Taber, Brian J.; Richard, George V.
Journal of Vocational Behavior, v67 n2 p309-320 Oct 2005
Measures of values typically appraise the construct globally, across life domains or relative to a broad life domain such as work. We conducted two studies to construct and initially validate an occupation- and context-specific values measure. Study 1, based on a sample of 192 medical students, describes the initial construction and item analysis of the physician values in practice scale (PVIPS), which produced a 15-factor model. Study 2 reports on a further analysis and refinement of the instrument with a national sample of 644 medical students. Results supported the basic psychometric properties of the PVIPS items. Exploratory factor analysis in Study 2 extracted six factors consistent with a theoretical model of values (Dawis, 1991) and accounting for 61% of the variance: Prestige, Service, Autonomy, Lifestyle, Management, and Scholarly Pursuits. The PVIPS shows promise as a values measure for medical students and physicians encountering career specialty and medical practice style decisions. Interested researchers may construct similar scales for other occupations to promote contextualized appraisals of values.
Descriptors: Values, Measures (Individuals), Medical Students, Career Choice, Career Development, Test Validity, Psychometrics, Physicians, Item Analysis, Factor Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A