ERIC Number: EJ723855
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Nature and Correlates of Ijime--Bullying in Japanese Middle School
International Journal of Educational Research, v41 n3 p216-236 2004
While school bullying in Japan, Ijime, has been a topic of major public concern since the 1980s, few qualitative studies have been conducted to examine its nature and correlates. Through a case study of 30 ninth graders in a Japanese middle school, the study found that Ijime has complex group dynamics in its onset and process. The analysis of student and teacher explanations concerning Ijime experiences also revealed that Japanese classroom community, which worked as a social control organization in the past, has weakened, leading to the prevalence of classroom-based Ijime. The lack of trusting relationships in peer groups also contributes to the further isolation of Ijime victims.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 9, Group Dynamics, Bullying, Middle School Students, Antisocial Behavior, Student Behavior, Classroom Environment, Peer Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan