ERIC Number: EJ723848
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
The Psychometric Paradox of Practice Effects Due to Retesting: Measurement Invariance and Stable Ability Estimates in the Face of Observed Score Changes
Reeve, Charlie L.; Lam, Holly
Intelligence, v33 n5 p535-549 Sep-Oct 2005
The simple practice effects commonly observed when retaking general cognitive ability tests present a potential paradox. If observed score changes reflect real changes in g, we must revisit our understanding of its stability. Conversely, if observed score changes reflect something other than a true change in the underlying latent construct, this suggests that the assumption of measurement invariance (i.e., that the relation between the constructs and the indicators on the test remains stable) is unwarranted, calling into question many of the useful inferences based on ability test scores. However, using a construct level approach, the current study shows evidence for complete measurement invariance across repeated administrations, including equivalence of ability factor means and variances. These results indicate that the abilities reflected by g and narrow group factors, and the tests' assessment of those sources of variance, remain unchanged.
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Measurement, Test Theory, Scores, Measures (Individuals), Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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