ERIC Number: EJ723592
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 37
Predictors of Trauma Symptomatology in Sexually Abused Adolescents: A 6-Month Follow-Up Study
Bal, Sarah; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Crombez, Geert; Van Oost, Paulette
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v20 n11 p1390-1405 2005
This study examines the natural course of trauma-specific symptoms 6 months after disclosure. Furthermore, this study investigates whether severity and type of abuse (intrafamilial or extrafamilial sexual abuse), negative appraisals, coping strategies, and crisis support measured at time of disclosure can be predictive of trauma symptoms 6 months later. Sixty-five sexually abused Flemish adolescents are reassessed 6 months after disclosure. Information from the participants is obtained through selfreport questionnaires. Forty-six percent of the adolescents report clinically significant trauma symptoms. Although internalizing symptoms significantly decreases after 6 months, externalizing symptoms persist. Type or severity of the abuse does not account for differences in symptomatology. Two predictors of ongoing trauma symptomatology are identified: postdisclosure trauma symptomatology and a lack of initial crisis support. Information on the victims' postdisclosure symptomatology as well as information on the initial received social support is critical in understanding which abused adolescents are most at risk for poor outcomes in the long term.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Coping, Sexual Abuse, Predictor Variables, Followup Studies, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Child Abuse, Family Violence, Foreign Countries, Social Support Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium