ERIC Number: EJ723501
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 41
A Multidimensional Approach to Understanding Neighborhood Schools and Their Potential Impact
Sinha, Vandna; Payne, Monique R.; Cook, Thomas D.
Urban Education, v40 n6 p627-662 2005
Many districts are considering revamping the systems determining which schools students attend. These discussions are, inherently, about the fate of the neighborhood school. But this term has never been well defined. We develop a three-dimensional, theoretically, and empirically grounded definition of a neighborhood school. The authors' two case studies demonstrate that these dimensions are independent and differentially related to academic achievement. The results suggest that youth in the authors' samples have higher academic performance when they attend school with both the majority of youth in their neighborhoods and with students from other neighborhoods. Therefore, districts interested in promoting achievement gains and promoting within-school diversity may consider a policy in which all the youth from a number of neighborhoods are placed in a single school.
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Neighborhoods, Neighborhood Schools, Academic Achievement, Student Diversity, Case Studies, School Desegregation, Definitions, Urban Schools
SAGE Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243 (Toll Free); Fax: 800-583-2665 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; Maryland