ERIC Number: EJ723092
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Reference Count: 19
A Follow-Up Study of Mortality, Health Conditions and Associated Disabilities of People with Intellectual Disabilities in a Swedish County
Gustavson, K.-H.; Umb-Carlsson, O.; Sonnander, K.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v49 n12 p905-914 Dec 2005
Background: In the planning of services and health care for individuals with intellectual disability (ID), information is needed on the special requirements for habilitation and medical service and associated disabilities. Material and Methods: An unselected consecutive series of 82 adult persons with ID was studied. The medical examination consisted of the individual's health condition, associated impairments and disabilities. Medical and habilitation services and support were studied. Results: The results indicated that 71% of the persons in the series had severe and 29% mild ID. Forty-seven per cent of the persons with severe ID and 35% of those with mild ID had one or more additional central nervous system (CNS) disabilities. Of the persons with ID, 99% had access to a family doctor and 84% attended regular health visits. Notably, half of persons were referred to a specialist examination as a consequence of their present medical examination. Half of the persons with mental health problems were previously undiagnosed and only a few of these had access to a psychiatrist. Conclusion: Our study clearly demonstrates the magnitude and importance of neurological and psychiatric impairments in ID. The findings suggest a strong need for multidisciplinary health service.
Descriptors: Medical Services, Health Conditions, Followup Studies, Mental Retardation, Adults, Physical Examinations, Psychiatry, Access to Health Care, Foreign Countries, Disabilities
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden