ERIC Number: EJ722947
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Equality and Merit: A Merit-Based Argument for Equity Policies in Higher Education
Simpson, Evan; Wendling, Karen
Educational Theory, v55 n4 p385-398 Nov 2005
We assume, for the sake of argument, that the sole purpose of colleges and universities is the advancement of knowledge through teaching and research, and that academic merit, as defined by each discipline, ought to be the only relevant criterion in admissions and hiring decisions. Even on this restrictive set of assumptions, we argue that hiring and admitting women and people of color is sometimes the best way for colleges and universities to advance knowledge. We then address two objections to our argument, that race and sex are no more relevant than being left- or right-handed, and that the epistemic attributes we ascribe to women and people of color belong to people as individuals, not as members of certain groups. We conclude that academic merit and social justice are mutually compatible.
Descriptors: Personnel Selection, Females, Justice, College Admission, Admission Criteria, Educational Theories, Higher Education, Educational Policy, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Minority Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A