ERIC Number: EJ722283
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Report Measures of Juvenile Psychopathic Personality Traits: A Comparative Review
Vaughn, Michael G.; Howard, Matthew O.
Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, v13 n3 p152-162 Fall 2005
The authors evaluated self-report instruments currently being used to assess children and adolescents with psychopathic personality traits with respect to their reliability, validity, and research utility. Comprehensive searches across multiple computerized bibliographic databases were conducted and supplemented with manual searches. A total of 30 articles incorporating the following nine measures of juvenile psychopathy were identified: "Antisocial Process Screening Device" (APSD), "Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory"-derived "Murrie and Cornell Psychopathy Scale" (MC-P), "Psychopathy Scale-16" (PS-16), modified "Childhood Psychopathy Scale" (mCPS), "Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory" and "Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent Version" (MMPI and MMPI-A), "NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised" (NEO-PI-R), "Psychopathic Personality Inventory" (PPI), "Psychopathy Scale-11" (PS-11), and "Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory" (YPI). Current research shows limited utility for the MMPI-A, preliminary yet promising results for the PS-11, PS-16, and YPI, and a growing database of support for the APSD, mCPS, MC-P, NEOPI-R, and PPI. Although the clinical utility of self-report psychopathy assessment is still open, there are some indications that self-report measures can identify psychopathic traits that are associated with criminological outcomes.
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Personality Measures, Personality Problems, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Research, Psychometrics, Psychopathology, Antisocial Behavior, Children, Adolescents
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory