ERIC Number: EJ721953
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Reference Count: 65
Recognition of Prior Learning as a Technique for Fabricating the Adult Learner: A Genealogical Analysis on Swedish Adult Education Policy
Andersson, Per; Fejes, Andreas
Journal of Education Policy, v20 n5 p595-613 Sep 2005
This article focuses on the recognition of prior learning and the figure of thought it represents in Swedish policy on adult education. It can be seen as a technique for governing the adult learner and a way of fabricating the subject. We are tracing this thought back in time to see how it has changed and what it consists of. The material analysed consists of Swedish official documents published between 1948 and 2004. We draw on two concepts from the Foucauldian toolbox: genealogy and governmentality. The result shows that this technique for governing and fabricating the adult subject is not new. It has been present during all periods analysed. However, there is a difference in how the ideas of competence and knowledge are stressed. Today the focus is on the subject's specific experience, which means competence. You are constructed as an adult with experiences that are to be evaluated. During the 1960s and 1970s the focus was rather on general experience. There was also discussion concerning the subject's ability to study. During the 1950s this figure of thought focused on ability was dominant. Those with the talent/ability to study were to be accepted for adult education.
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Adult Education, Genealogy, Adult Students, Lifelong Learning, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Basic Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden