ERIC Number: EJ721801
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Teachers' Initial Training in Cultural Diversity in Spain: Attitudes and Pedagogical Strategies
Garcia, Odet Moliner; Lopez, Rafaela Garcia
Intercultural Education, v16 n5 p433-442 Dec 2005
This paper examines a number of issues relating to educational responsibility for increasing social cohesion and preventing the segregation of people from different cultures who have to pass through the Spanish educational system. Using a descriptive analysis, we review the present situation. Our review shows that the treatment of cultural diversity by Spanish universities is, in general, insufficient with respect to the training needs that students will demand from the educational system both now and in the future. Simply taking a single course on intercultural issues is not enough to prepare teachers to cope with cultural diversity in the school and classroom. Therefore, educational approaches, curriculum planning, teacher organization and teaching methodology all need to change in the earliest stages of teacher training. A important first step would be to develop positive attitudes toward diversity and inclusion, which can then guide new educational approaches. In turn, these can focus on innovation within an intercultural framework in order to allow the implementation of increasingly committed and complex projects and educational experiences (investigation-action, social action projects, etc.). Such developments are intended to provide teachers with teaching-learning strategies in five fundamental core areas. These represent the minimum content of any intercultural education program: friendship with people from other cultures, multicultural coexistence, coexistence and learning about other cultures at school, intercultural cooperation and respect for cultural diversity.
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Social Action, Curriculum Development, Multicultural Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Student Diversity, Teacher Responsibility, Equal Education, Teacher Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain