ERIC Number: EJ721448
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Reference Count: 36
Using Static and Dynamic Visuals to Represent Chemical Change at Molecular Level
Ardac, Dilek; Akaygun, Sevil
International Journal of Science Education, v27 n11 p1269-1298 Sep 2005
The study examines the effectiveness of visually enhanced instruction that emphasizes molecular representations. Instructional conditions were specified in terms of the visual elaboration level (static and dynamic) and the presentation mode (whole class and individual). Fifty-two eighth graders (age range 14-15 years) participated in one of the three instructional conditions (dynamic-individual, dynamic-whole class, and static-whole class) designed to improve molecular understanding on chemical change. The results indicated significantly higher performance for students who used dynamic visuals compared with those who used static visuals. Furthermore, students who used dynamic visuals on an individual basis were more consistent in their use of molecular representations compared with students who received whole-class instruction with dynamic or static visuals. The results favour the use of dynamic visuals (preferably on an individual basis) over static visuals when presenting molecular representations. The results also imply that the effectiveness of instruction will improve if teachers challenge and question the inconsistencies and contradictions between verbal explanations and corresponding molecular representations.
Descriptors: Grade 8, Molecular Biology, Instructional Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Science Instruction, Visual Aids, Comparative Analysis, Molecular Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A