ERIC Number: EJ721331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan
Reference Count: 54
Family Correlates of Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior among Boys and Girls Enrolled in Head Start
Stacks, Ann M.; Goff, Jamie
Early Child Development and Care, v176 n1 p67-85 Jan 2006
This study examines the rate of internalizing and externalizing behavior and whether or not family factors influence internalizing and externalizing behavior differently depending on child gender. Sixty-three Head Start parent-child dyads participated in this study. Rates of externalizing behavior at home for males and females were consistent with other published studies (18.2% and 22%, respectively) Only 4.5% of the males and 24% of the females were categorized as having clinically significant internalizing difficulties at home. Teacher reports of internalizing behavior for males and females were much higher than parent reports (18.2% and 22%, respectively). Depression contributed unique variance and was the only significant predictor of girls' externalizing behavior, and approached significance as a predictor of boys' externalizing behavior. Dissatisfaction with social support contributed unique variance and was the only significant predictor of girls' internalizing behavior. Family factors were not correlated with boys' or girls' internalizing or externalizing behavior at school.
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Depression (Psychology), Gender Differences, Child Behavior, Young Children, Predictor Variables, Parent Influence, Behavior Problems, Stress Variables, Caregiver Attitudes, Social Support Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A