ERIC Number: EJ720931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Reference Count: 41
English as a Global Language and the Question of Nation-Building Education in Bangladesh
Imam, Syeda Rumnaz
Comparative Education, v41 n4 p471-486 Nov 2005
The national language Bangla (Bengali), which is spoken by 98% of the people, is foundational to the nation of Bangladesh as a nation. Language played a crucial role in the struggle for independence from Pakistan which was finally successful in 1971. The medium of instruction in state-provided basic education is Bangla. Nevertheless, as in the colonial period a significant part of the elite is educated in English medium schools and subject to British-determined curriculum and assessment. English medium private education carries the highest prestige, and the private sector is dominant in secondary education. The role of English is now being enhanced by globalization, which threatens a cultural recolonization of Bangladesh, and by World Bank strategies designed to promote the private school sector. The article discusses these problems and explores elements of a language policy that might be able to enhance both Bangla literacy and competence in English.
Descriptors: Language of Instruction, Foreign Countries, Private Sector, Private Schools, Private Education, Official Languages, Language Planning, Language Role, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh