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ERIC Number: EJ720896
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 36
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 62
ISSN: ISSN-0095-182X
Putting Anti-Indian Violence in Context. The Case of the Great Lakes Chippewas of Wisconsin
Perry, Barbara; Robyn, Linda
American Indian Quarterly, v29 n3-4 p590-625 Sum-Fall 2005
The Chippewas of Northern Wisconsin continue to experience a peculiarly American form of apartheid, characterized by segregation, discrimination, cultural imperialism, and everyday violence. While the blatant stigmatization, disempowerment, and violence reached its modern day zenith in the spear fishing conflict of the 1980s and 1990s, ongoing patterns of racism and violence remain embedded in the culture. The purpose of this paper, then, is to explore the ways in which contemporary patterns of oppression continue to shape the climate in which anti-American Indian violence occurs in this particular region. Native Americans across the country continue to experience myriad and interrelated forms of economic, political, and social oppression. This is evident in practices ranging from negative cultural imaging, treaty abrogations, and even violence. Recent years have seen extensive resistance on the part of American Indians, as they reassert their remaining treaty rights around land, resources, and self-governance. That American society at large is not ready for this relatively novel activism has been apparent in episodes of retaliatory violence intended to reassert Western control of American Indians and their resources. In what follows the authors examine recent experiences of Wisconsin Chippewas as an illustration of this cycle. In particular, this article provides an overview of the oppressive conditions in this part of the nation, followed by consideration of recent American Indian activism and resistance in the region. Finally, the authors trace the patterns of reactionary violence that have met such efforts at self-assertion. (Contains 3 endnotes.)
University of Nebraska Press, 1111 Lincoln Mall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0630. Tel: 800-755-1105; Fax: 800-526-2617; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin