ERIC Number: EJ720826
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: 70
Exploring Gender and Economic Development in Appalachia
Latimer, Melissa; Oberhauser, Ann M.
Journal of Appalachian Studies, v10 n3 p269-291 spec iss 2004
This article highlights how dynamic gender relations affect the diverse experiences of men and women in Appalachia's economic development. The analysis draws from the 1990 and 2000 U.S. Census data to examine and compare the demographic, social, and economic conditions of women and men in Appalachia. The discussion focuses on geographical comparisons among Appalachia's three subregions (Northern, Central, and Southern), as delineated by the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), as well as among rural, urban, and metro counties in both Appalachia and the non-Appalachian United States. The discussion outlines how gender roles--particularly the status of women in Appalachia--are being transformed in the context of economic restructuring, shifting educational experiences, changing marriage and family status, and rural urban dynamics. The analysis responds to questions concerning how women's entry into the workforce affects their economic status, if at all. Following the introduction, the article explores some of the geographical aspects of gender relations and the effects of economic restructuring in Appalachia. The social dimensions of women's economic status are outlined through a discussion of educational attainment and family and marital status. Economic aspects of gender differences in the labor market are analyzed, specifically labor force participation, employment in diverse economic sectors, and income. Also examined are public policies that affect women's economic status through access to higher education, childcare, and other social services. The article concludes with a summary of these spatial and socio-economic themes and offers recommendations for achieving gender equity by improving the status of women in Appalachia. (Contains 4 tables and 6 endnotes.)
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Females, Males, Gender Differences, Rural Urban Differences, Economic Status, Economic Development, Educational Attainment, Employment, Income, Labor Market, Public Policy
Appalachian Studies Association, Marshall University, One John Marshall Drive, Huntington, WV 25755. Tel: 304-696-2904; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.appalachianstudies.org/contact/.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States