ERIC Number: EJ720725
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: 41
From State Control to Competition: German Higher Education Transformed
Canadian Journal of Higher Education, v34 n3 p73-104 2004
Although there have been several cycles of debate and reform on higher education since World War II, the most recent proposals, some implemented and others under consideration, are by far the most far reaching and consequential of the period. Most aim at resolving the conflict between the ideal of the Humboldtian model of an elite research university, and the demand for an open, accessible, and differentiated system of higher education that takes into account the pivotal role of higher education in the modern world and in a democratic and pluralistic society. Forces and factors at work in other countries have affected the timing and dynamics of system transformation, but the unification in the early 1990s of the two German states, in which higher education had very different structures and mandates, has played a great role in the matter.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Political Influences, Higher Education, Government Role, Competition, Role of Education, Research Universities, Democracy, Educational Change
The Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education, P.O. Box 34091, RPO Fort Richmond, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5T5. Tel: 204-474-6404; Fax: 204-474-7561.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany