ERIC Number: EJ720322
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Reference Count: 39
Residential Mobility and Adolescent Violence
Haynie, Dana L.; South, Scott J.
Social Forces, v84 n1 p361-374 Sep 2005
Using two waves of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examines the impact of recent residential mobility on adolescent violence. A unique focus of our analysis is an examination of the ability of various mechanisms, including parent-child relationships, psychological distress, experiences of victimization, and peer networks, to account for the relationship between residential mobility and violent behavior. We pay particular attention to the ability of adolescent friendship networks, including both their structural characteristics (e.g., size, density, and centrality) and their behavioral composition (e.g., friends' participation in deviant activities) to transmit the detrimental effects of residential mobility. We find that residentially-mobile adolescents exhibit higher rates of violent behavior compared to non-mobile adolescents. Although most of the impact of residential mobility on adolescent violence remains unexplained by the potential mediators, friends' involvement in deviance is by far the most important of the mechanisms that we consider.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Violence, Friendship, Place of Residence, Mobility, Parent Child Relationship, Behavior Patterns, Peer Groups, Stress Variables
University of North Carolina Press, 116 South Boundry Street, P.O. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27514. Tel: 919-966-3561; Fax: 919-966-3829.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health